What Was the Purpose of the Mesoamerican Ballgame.

The rubber ball (1) weighed around ten pounds, and so it must have caused a lot of bruising and head injuries to players who got hit in the head and body with the ball—as they used their forearms and thighs to pass the ball. (See The Brutal and Bloody History of the Mesoamerican Ball Game, Where Sometimes Loss Was Death.).

The Mesoamerican ballgame was a sport played since the year 1400 B.C. by pre-Columbian people of Central America and Ancient Mexico. The game was mainly associated with rituals where winners were offered with prestige and wealth but losers paid an ultimate price as sacrifice to the gods.

The Mesoamerican ballgame: A game of politics and survival.

Game extended to the underworld. Recommended Annotation Visible only to you. Unable to save at this time.This Mesoamerican frog yoke is a highly polished greestone yoke or belt worn around the waist that was worn for ceremonial rituals. The yoke dates back to 100-500 CE and represents leather yokes worn by players of the Mesoamerican ball game. The yoke was probably used for ceremonial purposes before or after the game because its heavy weight probably limited players' movements.(See Whittington.The Mesoamerican Ball game is one of the oldest team sports in the world, but very little is known about the specifics of the game. The first ball court is said to be dated at about 1300 BC and resides in San Lorenzo, present-day Veracruz. From pre-Colombian Central America to before the Spanish conquest, the organizational ancient ball game has been played for generations. A version of the.


The Mesoamerican ball game was used as an elaborate ritual with different symbolic contexts in different societies, with many of the rituals throughout the Middle Ages involving human sacrifice (typically of one member of the losing team). The game often represented a battle between life and death and tied heavily with these tribes’ oral traditions. The game sometimes extended beyond.The Yoke and Its Significance in the Mesoamerican Ball Game Leslie Arapi Mesoamerican societies during the pre-Columbian era were marked by diversity, which was enhanced by culture and tradition. Cradling the most advanced urbanized civilizations in North American at the time, the cultivation of customs, rituals and religion were inevitable. Polytheism was a characteristic of the region where.

Mesoamerican: Transcript: La Venta was the most prominent Olmec center and lasted for about 500 years, and they sustained Olmec cultural decisions but displayed great power and wealth. La Venta Olmec stonemasons carved giant basalt heads. They may represent Olmec rulers. At any rate they are shown wearing the helmets players wore during the rubber ball game.

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The Mesoamerican ballgame is rather infamously associated with the practice of human sacrifice, but is that association actually accurate? Do the murals at ballcourts depicting scenes of sacrifice reflect the actual aftermath of local games, or do they present a local variation on the mythos surrounding the game (similar to how modern churches typically have crosses as a prominent feature of.

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The religion of the Aztec civilization which flourished in ancient Mesoamerica (1345-1521 CE) has gained an infamous reputation for bloodthirsty human sacrifice with lurid tales of the beating heart being ripped from the still-conscious victim, decapitation, skinning and dismemberment. All of these things did happen but it is important to remember that for the Aztecs the act of sacrifice - of.

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There are various engravings on the walls and pillars surrounding the ballcourt, which give a darker meaning to what may seem like an innocent game of put-the-ball-through-the-hop. The Mayans played with a very heavy ball made out of chicle (a raw material extracted mainly from Mesoamerican trees, chicle is also used to make chewing gum). The ball weighed about 3 to 4 kg or 6 to 8 pounds.

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Sacrifice and the ballgame are also connected in the Popol Vuh, a K’iche’ Maya creation myth in which two pairs of brothers play ball with the Lords of Xibalba, the Underworld. However, despite the close association of sacrifice and the ballgame, the exact mechanism and meaning of that sacrifice remain obscure. In other words, it is unclear who was sacrificed and when, and how that.

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The Mesoamerican ballgame was a sport with ritual associations played for over 3000 years by the pre-Columbian peoples of Mesoamerica.The sport had different versions in different places during the millennia, and a modern version of the game, ulama, is still played in a few places by the local indigenous population. Pre-Columbian ballcourts have been found throughout Mesoamerica, as far south.

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Mexico. The Mesoamerican Ball Game. Archaeologists have identified more than 1,500 ball courts to date. These prehistoric buildings that were specifically created for the practice of the Mesoamerican ball game show that this game is a thousand-year old form of sport. But it was more than just a game, it also played a ritual, political and economic role among Mesoamerican populations. The.

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Awilix was the goddess of the moon, the queen of the night. She was associated with the Underworld, sickness and death, and was a patron of the Mesoamerican ballgame. Pitz is a ritualistic ballgame played among the Zandalari. It is played by two teams of five of both genders. Most of the players for.

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Since human sacrifice played such an important part in all of the Mesoamerican cultures, it was often also a central part of the ballgame. Many of the reliefs near the ball court in the Maya city of Chichen Itza depict human sacrifice instead of the actual game. One panel shows what appears to be the victorious team’s captain ritually.

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The ball was made of solid rubber and weighed as much as 4 kg (9 lbs), and sizes differed greatly over time or according to the version played. The game had important ritual aspects, and major formal ballgames were held as ritual events, often featuring human sacrifice. The sport was also played casually for recreation by children and perhaps.

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